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Film snippets for teaching movie storytelling techniques

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This 18 second excerpt from the film District 9 (N. Blomkamp, 2009, copyright © 2009 District 9 Ltd.) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Not only do jump cuts disrupt the continuity of images, they also disrupt the continuity of sound, which can be taken advantage of to dramatize the action. In the following...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
movies
eye 615
favorite 0
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This 6 second excerpt from the film The Graduate (M. Nichols, 1967, copyright © 1967 Embassy Pictures Corporation & Lawrence Turman, Inc.) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the viewing axis doesn’t dramatically change between those two shots, but...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 601
favorite 0
comment 0
This 10 second excerpt from the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (S. Spielberg, 1981, copyright © 1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Sometimes, you just don’t have any other choice but to break the 180-degree...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 574
favorite 0
comment 0
This 4 second excerpt from the film You Only Live Once (F. Lang, 1937, copyright © 1937 United Artists Corporation) shows an infringement to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. What it all boils down to is that the composition of each shot must be sufficiently distinct from each other so that the audience doesn’t think somebody...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 498
favorite 0
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This 31 second excerpt from the film Pulp Fiction (Q. Tarantino, 1994, copyright © 1994 Miramax Films) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When a twist in the story is so dramatic that it really turns the tide, you really want to break the 180-degree rule conspicuously to ensure...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 461
favorite 0
comment 0
This 7 second excerpt from the film Kill Bill Vol. 1 (Q. Tarantino, 2003, copyright © 2003 Supercool Manchu, Inc.) shows an infringement to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Let’s assume that both the subject and the scale are the same in a series of shots. In that case, the 30-degree rule states that the...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 400
favorite 0
comment 0
This 32 second excerpt from the film Thelma & Louise (R. Scott, 1991, copyright © 1991 Pathé Entertainment, Inc.) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, an action plane passing through both characters is clearly defined. Then one character...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 394
favorite 0
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This 51 second excerpt from the film OSS 117: Cairo, Nest of Spies (M. Hazanavicius, 2006, copyright © 2006 Mandarin Films – Gaumont - M6 Films) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. If necessary, the jaggedness of jump cuts can be smoothed out. Jump cuts can go hand in hand with cross-fading as both techniques deal...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
movies
eye 388
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This 11 second excerpt from the film Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1993, copyright © 1993 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows an infringement to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. What feels jerky with the following cut is that both shots look too similar in scale. The composition looks the same —...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 366
favorite 0
comment 0
This 4 second excerpt from the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (S. Spielberg, 1981, copyright © 1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the subject and shot scale remain the same in both shots, but the viewing axis changes just enough...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 364
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This 8 second excerpt from the film Born on the Fourth of July (O. Stone, 1989, copyright 1989 by Universal City Studios, Inc.) showcases transparent overlay. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, an injured soldier is seen floundering through a noisy overlay of weeds. This makes the character appear...
Topic: overlay
movies are made
movies
eye 335
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This 20 second excerpt from the film Pulp Fiction (Q. Tarantino, 1994, copyright © 1994 Miramax Films) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, two characters — ‘Honey Bunny’ and ‘Pumpkin’ — are talking to each other in a...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 333
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This 21 second excerpt from the film Dances with Wolves (K. Costner, 1990, copyright © 1990 TIG Productions, Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Breaking the 180-degree rule can lead to discontinuity in both time and space provided that the environment...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 327
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This 5 second excerpt from the film The Lord of the Rings – The Two Towers (P. Jackson, 2002, copyright © 2002 by Lord Zweite Productions Deutschland Filmproduktion GmbH & CO. KG. / New Line Productions, Inc.) shows an infringement of the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. There is no guarantee that slavishly complying with the...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 320
favorite 0
comment 0
This 5 second excerpt from the film Battle Royale (K. Fukasaku, 2000, copyright © 2000 Battle Royale Production Committee) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, neither the subject nor the scale changes between the shots, but the shift in viewing axis is quite substantial (i.e....
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 313
favorite 0
comment 0
This 23 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Hawk Films/Warner Bros Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The following excerpt starts with Jack back to camera and Wendy in profile. To get a better vantage point on characters’ faces,...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 307
favorite 0
comment 0
This 8 second excerpt from the film Terminator 2 – Judgment Day (J. Cameron, 1991, copyright © 1991 Carolco Pictures Inc. (United States & Canada; Carolco International N.V. (all other countries)) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 305
favorite 1
comment 0
This 93 second excerpt from the film Spartacus (S. Kubrick, 1960, copyright © 1960 Universal Pictures Company, Inc. and Bryna Productions, Inc. / 1991 Universal City Studios, Inc.) showcases the use of a sequence shot. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Spartacus -- a former gladiator who has raised an army of slaves against...
Topic: sequence shot
movies are made
movies
eye 296
favorite 0
comment 0
This 6 second excerpt from the film Max Payne (J. Moore, 2008, copyright © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in all territories except Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain; TCF Hungary Film Rights Exploitation Limited Liability Company, Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Dune Entertainment III LLC in Brazil, Italy, Japan, Korea and Spain) avoids a jump cut despite not complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 282
favorite 0
comment 0
This 3 second excerpt from the film Kill Bill Vol. 1 (Q. Tarantino, 2003, copyright © 2003 Supercool Manchu, Inc.) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, despite a small change in viewing axis between the first and second shots, the change in scale is big...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 275
favorite 0
comment 0
This 24 second excerpt from the film Romancing the Stone (R. Zemeckis, 1984, copyright © 1984 Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Switching sides of the action plane has another noticeable side effect: It makes the audience feel a...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 272
favorite 0
comment 0
This 13 second excerpt from the film Kick-Ass (M. Vaughn, 2010, copyright © 2009 KA Films LP) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The ‘parade’ effect also works with just one character showing off different aspects or poses. In the following excerpt, jump cuts ridicule the character’s ‘training’ and turn it...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
movies
eye 267
favorite 0
comment 0
This 37 second excerpt from the film The Name of the Rose (J.-J. Annaud, 1986, copyright © 1986 Neue Constantin Film Produktion GmbH) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, an action plane passing through both characters is...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 267
favorite 0
comment 0
This 9 second excerpt from the film Robocop (P. Verhoeven, 1987, copyright © 1987 Orion Pictures Corporation) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Sometimes, you just don’t have any other choice but to break the 180-degree rule. This is especially true when some important...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 265
favorite 0
comment 0
This 19 second excerpt from the film The Hitcher (R. Harmon, 1986, copyright © 1986 Silver Screen Partners, L.P.) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The ‘mobile-and-pivot’ game is frequently used to visually let one character (i.e. the ‘mobile’) torment another...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 263
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This 26 second excerpt from the film Dancer in the Dark (L. von Trier, 2000, copyright © 2000 Zentropa Entertainments4 Aps, France 3 Cinéma, Arte France Cinéma, Trust Film Svenska, Liberator Productions & Pain Unlimited) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Because they disrupt the continuity of the action, jump...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
movies
eye 261
favorite 0
comment 0
This 30 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When a character (i.e. the ‘mobile’) paces back and forth across the screen before the eyes of a static character (i.e. the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 256
favorite 0
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This 26 second excerpt from the film Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (N. Oshima, 1983, copyright © 1982 National Film Trustee Company) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Turning points in a story frequently relate to a change of mindset of a character, and breaking the 180-degree...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 252
favorite 0
comment 0
This 47 second excerpt from the film The Lord of the Rings – The Fellowship of the Ring (P. Jackson, 2001, copyright © 2001 New Line Productions, Inc.) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In keeping with the 180-degree rule, a director has got a safety...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 249
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This 22 second excerpt from the film Full Metal Jacket (S. Kubrick, 1987, copyright © 1987 Warner Bros Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with one character, crossing the directional action plane is frequently done to stress that he has reached an...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 240
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This 49 second excerpt from the film Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (S. West, 2001, copyright © 2001 KFP Produktions GmbH & Co. KG) is an example of a montage sequence. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Condensing information doesn’t imply that the action is to be set in the present/story time. For instance, factual information about the past can be...
Topics: Editing, Montage
movies are made
movies
eye 238
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This 27 second excerpt from the film Run Lola Run (T. Tykwer, 1998, copyright © 1998 X Filme Creative Pool Gmbh) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Instead of letting characters move across the visual field, we can have the camera itself go through the action plane with...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 237
favorite 0
comment 0
This 23 second excerpt from the film The Bourne Identity (D. Liman, 2002, copyright © 2002 Kalima Productions GmbH & Co. KG) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Turning points in a story frequently relate to a change of mindset of a character, and...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 235
favorite 0
comment 0
This 5 second excerpt from the film Birdy (A. Parker, 1984, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, we see Al exit the frame to the left, which establishes an imaginary vertical plane passing...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 235
favorite 0
comment 0
This 15 second excerpt from the film Solaris (S. Soderbergh, 2002, copyright © 2002 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Because they disrupt the continuity of the action, jump cuts are very efficient at making the audience feel the physical or mental instability of a character....
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
movies
eye 235
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This 15 second excerpt from the film Blade Runner (R. Scott, 1982, copyright © 1982 Blade Runner Partnership) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with one character, crossing the directional action plane is frequently done to stress that he has reached an...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 231
favorite 0
comment 0
This 18 second excerpt from the film Beneath the Planet of the Apes (T. Post, 1969, copyright © 1969 APJAC Productions, Inc. and Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with static characters, the audience relies on the directions of...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 221
favorite 0
comment 0
This 3 second excerpt from the film For a Few Dollars More (S. Leone, 1965, copyright © 1965 Sergio Leone and Fulvio Morsella) avoids a jump cut despite not complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The 30-degree rule — as useful as it may be — is just what it is: a guideline. It’s certainly not written in stone....
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 221
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This 44 second excerpt from the film Ocean's Eleven (S. Soderbergh, 2001, copyright © 2001 Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Ltd. – All other territories © 2001 Warner Bros) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The following excerpt is an example of a very complex configuration with...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 219
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This 16 second excerpt from the film Mad Max 2 – The Road Warrior (G. Miller, 1981, copyright © 1981 Kennedy Miller Entertainment Pty. Ltd and others) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The ‘mobile-and-pivot’ game is frequently used to visually let one character...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 216
favorite 0
comment 0
This 38 second excerpt from the film Barry Lyndon (S. Kubrick, 1975, copyright © 1975 Warner Bros Inc.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Trucking out can be used to introduce characters by letting them enter the frame in the foreground. In the following excerpt, the camera trucks out to introduce...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
movies
eye 214
favorite 0
comment 0
This 69 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd and National Film Development Corporation Ltd) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Fragmentation of both time and space can be used in series to outline the time it takes for a...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 212
favorite 0
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This 24 second excerpt from the film Sleepy Hollow (T. Burton, 1999, copyright © 1999 KAROL Film Productions GmbH & Co. KG) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the dialog between Ichabod and Katrina is entirely edited as an alternation of shots...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 210
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comment 0
This 18 second excerpt from the film Young Sherlock Holmes (B. Levinson, 1985, copyright © 1985 Paramount Pictures Corporation and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Once spatial consistency has been established, the audience...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 205
favorite 0
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This 77 second excerpt from the film Silverado (L. Kasdan, 1985, copyright © 1985 Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Fragmentation of both time and space can be used in series to outline the time it takes for a character to cover a long...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 204
favorite 0
comment 0
This 14 second excerpt from the film Jaws (S. Spielberg, 1975, copyright © 1975 Universal Pictures) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Switching sides of the action plane has another noticeable side effect: It makes the audience feel a turning point in the story. In the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 201
favorite 0
comment 0
This 29 second excerpt from the film Ocean's Eleven (S. Soderbergh, 2001, copyright © 2001 Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Ltd. – All other territories © 2001 Warner Bros) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In a full triangular relationship, everybody talks to each other in turn,...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 199
favorite 0
comment 0
This 16 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Hawk Films/Warner Bros Inc.) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Instead of letting characters move across the visual field, we can have the camera itself go through...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 199
favorite 0
comment 0
This 34 second excerpt from the film Once Upon a Time in the West (S. Leone, 1968, copyright © 1968 by Paramount Pictures Corporation) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The longer the audience is kept on the same side of the action plane, the more stunning the effect. In the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 198
favorite 0
comment 0
This 2 second excerpt from the film The Lord of the Rings – The Fellowship of the Ring (P. Jackson, 2001, copyright © 2001 New Line Productions, Inc.) shows that complying to the 30-degree rule doesn't always prevent jump cuts from occuring. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. We all agree that duly complying to the 30-degree rule...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 197
favorite 0
comment 0
This 9 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – On Stranger Tides (R. Marshall, 2011, copyright © 2011 Disney Enterprises, Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with one character, crossing the directional action plane is frequently done to...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 195
favorite 0
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This 27 second excerpt from the film Fast and Furious (R. Cohen, 2001, copyright © 2001 Universal Pictures) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The following excerpt is a car-race scene featuring only two characters. The racing cars have their own directional...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 194
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This 19 second excerpt from the film For a Few Dollars More (S. Leone, 1965, copyright © 1965 Sergio Leone and Fulvio Morsella) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, the camera trucks back on one side of the action plane so as to frame both Monco and...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 192
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This 7 second excerpt from the film 8 Mile (C. Hanson, 2002, copyright © 1984 Tri-Star Pictures) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. It doesn’t take much to change the composition of same-looking subjects. For instance, the following shots of a crowd have a common viewing axis, but the scale varies...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 191
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This 37 second excerpt from the film Red Sun (T. Young, 1971, copyright © 1971 Les Films Corona – Paris) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Things get trickier when characters are staged in a triangular pattern.The following excerpt presents the simplest case, a ‘middle-man’...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 191
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This 9 second excerpt from the film Underworld (L. Wiseman, 2003, copyright © 2003 Subterranean Productions LLC) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In the following excerpt, Selena — initially moving screen right — establishes a new action plane as...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
movies
eye 189
favorite 0
comment 0
This 29 second excerpt from the film Gandhi (R. Attenborough, 1982, copyright © 1982 Carolina Bank Ltd and National Film Development Corporation Ltd) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Truck-outs are not as commonly used as zoom-outs to reveal open environments, for the simple reason that one has to...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
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eye 189
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Black Book (P. Verhoeven, 2006, copyright © 2006 Film & Entertainment VIP Medienfonds 4 GmbH & Co. KG) shows a deliberate infringement of the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. We all agree that duly complying to the 30-degree rule should keep you away from jump cuts. But...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
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This 4 second excerpt from the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (S. Spielberg, 1981, copyright © 1981 Lucasfilm Ltd (LFL)) avoids a jump cut by complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In this series of one-shots, neither the shot scale nor viewing axis change much, but the composition of the shots and the character’s poses are...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
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This 11 second excerpt from the film Basic Instinct (P. Verhoeven, 1992, copyright © 1992 Carolco/Le Studio Canal+ V.O.F.) demonstrates the effect of alternating scaling-up techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. We saw the effect of alternating zoom-ins or truck-ins bearing different meanings, but how about alternating completely different...
Topics: scale-up, move to foreground, truck in, editing pattern
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (G. Lucas, 1999, copyright © 1999 Lucasfilm Ltd) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In keeping with the 180-degree rule, a director has got a safety net to help maintaining...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Ocean's Eleven (S. Soderbergh, 2001, copyright © 2001 Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Ltd. – All other territories © 2001 Warner Bros) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The ‘parade’ effect can even be used as an instant transition between two scenes...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – The Curse of the Black Pearl (G. Verbinski, 2003, copyright © 2003 Disney Enterprises Inc. and Jerry Bruckheimer Inc.) demonstrates the effect of scaling-down techniques. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Characters themselves can be revealed by trucking out on a...
Topics: scale-down, truck out
movies are made
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This 13 second excerpt from the film Full Metal Jacket (S. Kubrick, 1987, copyright © 1987 Warner Bros Inc.) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The more blatantly the camera switches sides, the more stunning the effect. In the following excerpt, where...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 42 second excerpt from the film Oldboy (C-W Park, 2003, copyright © 2003 SHOWEAST) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Jump cuts are also commonly used to shrink down long-lasting actions to make their evolutions more apparent. In the following excerpt, jump cuts are used to shorten a training session and...
Topics: editing, jump cut
movies are made
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This 34 second excerpt from the film The Shining (S. Kubrick, 1980, copyright © 1980 Hawk Films/Warner Bros Inc.) shows how spatial consistency can be achieved by following the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In keeping with the 180-degree rule, dialogs on the phone offer more freedom than regular dialogs as characters don’t really...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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eye 182
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This 3 second excerpt from the film Poltergeist (T. Hooper & S. Spielberg, 1982, copyright © 1982 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Film Company and SLM Entertainment Ltd) avoids a jump cut despite not complying to the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The 30-degree rule — as useful as it may be — is just what it is: a guideline. It’s...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
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This 7 second excerpt from the film The Lost World – Jurassic Park (S. Spielberg, 1997, copyright © 1997 Universal City Studios, Inc. and Amblin Entertainment, Inc.) shows an infringement of the 30-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. The following cut feels a bit jerky because both groups look quite the same — silhouetted as they are by...
Topics: editing, 30-degree rule
movies are made
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This 20 second excerpt from the film Love Actually (R. Curtis, 2003, copyright © 2003 WT Venture LLC) shows how to switch sides of the action plane without breaking the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When a character (i.e. the ‘mobile’) paces back and forth across the screen before the eyes of a static character (i.e. the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 30 second excerpt from the film Platoon (O. Stone, 1986, copyright © 1986 Hemdale Film Corporation) shows the effect of cutting on the look then back to the looking character. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. There are many reasons why you would want to cut to a longer shot of the looking character after cutting on the look. In fact, most of...
Topics: editing, editing pattern, cut on the look
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This 36 second excerpt from the film Kindergarten Cop (I. Reitman, 1990, copyright © 1990 Universal City Studios, Inc.) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Jump-cut sequences are frequently used to support typical situations or actions. One of them is what I call the ‘parade’ effect. In the following excerpt,...
Topics: editing, jump cut
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This 47 second excerpt from the film Ocean's Eleven (S. Soderbergh, 2001, copyright © 2001 Village Roadshow Films (BVI) Ltd. – All other territories © 2001 Warner Bros) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. When dealing with static characters, the audience...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
movies are made
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This 18 second excerpt from the film JFK (O. Stone, 1991, copyright © 1991 Warner Bros Inc., Regency Enterprises V.O.F. & Le Studio Canal+) demonstrates the effect of jump cuts. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Not only do jump cuts disrupt the continuity of images, they also disrupt the continuity of sound, which can be taken advantage of to...
Topics: editing, jump cut
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This 14 second excerpt from the film Pirates of the Caribbean – On Stranger Tides (R. Marshall, 2011, copyright © 2011 Disney Enterprises, Inc.) shows how to make multiple action planes comply with the 180-degree rule. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , sound has been cut out, resolution limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. In a full triangular relationship, everybody talks to each other in turn,...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule
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This 41 second excerpt from the film Dancer in the Dark (L. von Trier, 2000, copyright © 2000 Zentropa Entertainments4 Aps, France 3 Cinéma, Arte France Cinéma, Trust Film Svenska, Liberator Productions & Pain Unlimited) shows how breaking the 180-degree rule can be used as a storytelling effect. In order to comply with the Fair Use doctrine in teaching and research , resolution is limited to 360p and the clip has been shortened to only encompass the subject of interest. Breaking the...
Topics: editing, 180-degree rule